Monier, Joseph

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b. 1823 France
d. 1906 Paris, France
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French gardener and one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete.
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Monier was a commercial gardener who in the course of his work was struck with the idea of inserting iron reinforcement in concrete tubs such as were used for growing orange trees. He patented this idea in 1867 and exhibited his invention the same year at the Paris Exposition. It soon occurred to him to apply the same principles to other engineering structures such as railway sleepers, pipes, floors, arches and bridges. In 1878 he took out a French patent for reinforced concrete beams and held numerous other patents for the material. Although he was not the only one to realize the benefits of combining a concrete girder or slab to resist compressive forces with iron or steel wires or rods to resist tensile stresses, "Das System Monier" was known as such by 1887 throughout Europe.
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Further Reading
J.W.De Courcy, 1987, "The emergence of reinforced concrete", Structural Engineer 65A: 316.
IMcN

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monier, Joseph — ▪ French inventor born 1823, France died 1906, Paris       French gardener, one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete.       Monier, a commercial gardener, experimented with iron wire reinforcement for his cement and concrete tubs and …   Universalium

  • Joseph Monier — (* 8. November 1823 in Saint Quentin la Poterie, Frankreich; † 12. März 1906 in Paris) war ein französischer Gärtner, Erfinder und Unternehmer. Er gilt als der Erfinder des Eisenbetons, auch wenn andere wie François Martin Lebrun, François… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Monier — (November 8, 1823, Saint Quentin la Poterie, France mdash;March 13, 1906, Paris) was a French gardener and one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete.As a gardener, Monier was not satisfied with the materials available for making… …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Monier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monier. Joseph Monier Joseph Monier est un jardinier et inventeur français né le 8 novembre 1823 à Saint Q …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monier (entreprise) — Groupe Monier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monier. Groupe Monier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monier SAS — Groupe Monier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monier. Groupe Monier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monier — may refer to: Damien Monier (born 1982), French professional road bicycle racer Joseph Monier (1823 1906), one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete Louis Monier (born 1956), founder of Internet search engine AltaVista Monier Monier… …   Wikipedia

  • Monier — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Damien Monier (* 1982), französischer Radrennfahrer Joseph Monier (1823–1906), französischer Gärtner, erfand den Stahlbeton Siehe auch: Monier Group, eine weltweit agierende Unternehmensgruppe Monnier …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monier —   [mɔn je], Joseph, Gärtnereibesitzer, * Saint Quentin la Poterie (bei Nîmes) 8. 11. 1823, ✝ Paris 13. 3. 1906; stellte 1849/50 mit Rundeisen (»Monier Stahl«) armierte Blumenkübel her und setzte sich für die Einführung des 1855 von ihm erfundenen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Joseph Monier — var en fransk gartner der udtog patent på jernbeton i 1867 …   Danske encyklopædi

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